The structural composition of superabrasive tools and the characteristics of different binders

Title: The Structural Composition of Superabrasive Tools and the Characteristics of Different Binders


Superabrasive tools are widely used in various industries for cutting, grinding, and polishing applications. These tools are composed of superabrasive grains and a binder material that holds the grains together. In this article, we will explore the structural composition of superabrasive tools and discuss the characteristics of different binders used in their manufacturing.

1. Structural Composition of Superabrasive Tools:

Superabrasive tools consist of the following components:

A. Superabrasive Grains:

Superabrasive grains, such as diamond and cubic boron nitride (CBN), are the cutting elements of these tools. These grains possess exceptional hardness, allowing them to efficiently cut through even the toughest materials.

B. Bonding Material/Binder:

The bonding material or binder is responsible for holding the superabrasive grains in place and providing structural integrity to the tool. Different binders offer unique properties that influence the performance of the superabrasive tool.

2. Characteristics of Different Binders:

There are several types of binders used in the manufacturing of superabrasive tools. Each binder has distinct characteristics that determine its suitability for specific applications. The following are some commonly used binders:

A. Resin Bond:

Resin bond is a popular choice due to its versatility and ability to produce high-quality finishes. It offers excellent cutting efficiency and is suitable for applications such as polishing and finishing. Resin bond also provides good heat resistance and can be easily dressed to maintain the shape of the tool.

B. Metal Bond:

Metal bond provides superior durability and excellent heat dissipation. It is highly resistant to wear and is suitable for applications involving heavy stock removal and high material removal rates. Metal bond tools are commonly used in grinding applications where long tool life is required.

C. Vitrified Bond:

Vitrified bond offers high strength and excellent thermal stability. It provides good chip clearance and is ideal for applications involving high speeds and heavy-duty cutting. Vitrified bond tools are commonly used in precision grinding operations, such as tool and cutter grinding.

D. Electroplated Bond:

Electroplated bond is a single-layered coating of superabrasive grains on the tool surface. It offers high cutting efficiency and is suitable for applications that require intricate shapes and profiles. Electroplated bond tools are commonly used in the aerospace and automotive industries.

3. Selection of Binders:

The selection of binders depends on various factors, including the type of material being worked on, desired finish quality, cutting speed, and tool life expectancy. Manufacturers carefully consider these factors before choosing the appropriate binder for a specific application.


Superabrasive tools are essential for efficient cutting, grinding, and polishing operations in various industries. The structural composition of these tools, consisting of superabrasive grains and binders, plays a crucial role in determining their performance. Different binders offer distinct characteristics, such as cutting efficiency, heat resistance, and durability, making them suitable for specific applications. By understanding the properties of different binders, manufacturers can select the most appropriate binder to achieve desired results in their superabrasive tools.

The structural composition of superabrasive tools and the characteristics of different binders